(1)It is a modern residential community or housing estate having strictly controlled entrances for pedestrians and automobiles, and often characterized by a closed perimeter of walls.
(2)A neighborhood or group of neighborhoods, usually surrounded by masonry walls, restricting access through the use of a manned guard station or electronically operated gates. The electronic gates may be opened through the use of individual remote controls and/or a numeric keypad and code. Some gated communities restrict entry at all times, while others only limit access during the evening hours. The City of Houston does not allow public city streets to be gated off, so only neighborhoods with private streets may have restricted access. The costs associated with maintaining a manned guard gate can significantly impact monthly maintenance fees, depending on the size of the community.